A significant portion of credits (ECTS) allocated to courses in the Polytechnical
Faculty is dedicated to the theoretical foundations in each discipline, to the study
of the operation and the characteristics of equipment (electronic components and
circuits) and systems put to work in practice (transmitter/receiver, radar, sonar,
GPS station, optronic or physiological sensors in stand-alone mode or integrated
in a network), either in hardware or in software.
In terms of applications, the emphasis is placed on those of interest to Defence
or which derive from security field (information security, cryptography, command
and control systems, night vision, thermographic analysis, pattern recognition, object
The tutorials, laboratory sessions and projects, individual or in small groups, allow
students to more easily assimilate the theoretical concepts covered in the theoretical
sessions and to confront them with the reality of technology. The tasks imposed on
them range from well-defined closed problems in the early years of bachelor to more
open and multidisciplinary problems in the master years, leaving more room for creativity.
Most of the master courses of the department CISS are grouped in 3 coherent modules:
Global Monitoring for Security, Communication Systems and Information Systems. The
following paragraphs gives you a concise overview of the contents of these modules.
Module A7, Global Monitoring for Security
Module Coordinator: Prof Dr ir Xavier Neyt
This module provides the student with a basic understanding of the methods and tools
that can be used to perform an assessment of the environment (in its wide sense,
i.e. what is around, local as well as global), in a global security context (Petersberg
tasks) or for tactical and strategic purposes.
The module discusses:
- how the sensor of an (electro-)optical systems is built, including its electronics,
together with their limitation;
- concepts about platforms, mainly space-borne, used in a remote-sensing context,
together with the possibilities and limitations linked to orbital mechanics;
- filtering concepts needed in radar, sonar, navigation and remote sensing applications.
The concept of (permanent) filters is extended to adaptive filters which dynamically
adapt to the filtered signals;
- the methods to obtain information from complex ranging systems such as radar, LiDAR
- the processing performed to compensate for the sensor characteristics in order
to obtain usable images. Besides optical and range-imaging, position acquisition
is also considered
Module A8, Communication Systems
Module Coordinator: LtCol Dr ir Bart Scheers
This module provides the student insight in the theory and practice behind modern
communications systems. It enables the students to understand the principle of functioning
and to have knowledge about the advantages and limitations of different communication
systems and existing technologies. At term they should be capable of writing relevant
technical specifications and evaluating different communication systems, as good
technical adviser of the material resources decision maker.
A first part of the module gives the theoretical basis to characterise mathematically
the functioning and performance features of components, circuits and subsystems entering
in the composition of communication systems, like analog and digital electronics,
power amplifiers, filters, oscillators. This part deals also with the propagation
aspects of wired and wireless communications. A set of lab sessions and an electronic
design project give the students the opportunity to become familiar with the theoretical
concepts and to face the practical constraints of a circuit realisation.
A second part of the module will concentrate on modern telecommunication techniques
in the domain of source coding, channel coding and digital modulation and will make
a detailed study of the most important subsystems like the wired and wireless channel,
the transmission line and antenna subsystem and so on.
In a last part of the module, the focus is put on the architecture of telecommunication
systems at a block diagram level and the technology used within those systems, with
an accent on radio transmitters/receivers, satellite communications and wireless
Module A9, Information systems
Module Coordinator: Prof Dr ir Wim Mees
This module provides the students with a clear understanding of data networks, distributed
information systems and the ways in which the security of the information, managed
by these systems, can be preserved.
First the concepts and technologies are presented that are used for building local
and wide area networks, as well as for setting up mobile ad hoc networks. The course
touches on topics like switching, routing, wireless networks, connection-oriented
networks and telephone networks, as well as on the performance analysis of these
Subsequently the protocols and overlay topologies are discussed that are implemented
on top of data networks for building distributed information systems. As an application,
military command & control systems are studied as well as the way in which information
is exchanged between the C2 systems in a multi-national environment. The synchronisation
between nodes in a distributed information system is discussed in a course on operating
systems, that is also part of the module. Some other topics that are presented are
high-availability, high-performance and cloud computing.
Finally, the security aspect of distributed information systems is studied, with
an important focus on cryptography. The students first discover the techniques for
attacking local and wide area networks and computer systems. Understanding the threats
information systems face, the student are then ready to learn how to protect networks
and systems against attacks.